By Scott Birrenkott
Q: What is an Acceptable Form of Customer ID for CIP Purposes?
A: It depends on bank policy, but there are various forms of ID that can meet CIP requirements.
As part of compliance with Bank Secrecy Act regulatory requirements, banks must have a written Customer Identification Program (CIP). Bank’s CIP must include risk-based procedures to verify the identity of each customer at account-opening. At a minimum, each program must obtain the name, date of birth, address, and identification number from each customer. This information must be verified, using documentary, non-documentary, or a combination of both methods, depending on bank’s procedures.
When relying upon documentary methods to verify a customer’s identity, bank’s procedures must specify which documents to obtain. Similarly, if procedures permit non-documentary methods, bank’s procedures must specify which methods to use. A bank need not establish the accuracy of every element of identifying information obtained, but it must verify enough information to form a reasonable belief that it knows the true identity of the customer. For most customers who are individuals, banks typically review an unexpired government issued form of identification evidencing a customer’s nationality or residence and bearing a photograph or similar safeguard. Nondocumentary methods may include contacting a customer, or otherwise independently verifying the customer’s identity through other sources.
A bank may encounter unique forms of identification. What forms are acceptable depends upon bank policy. Theoretically, any legitimate form of identification could be acceptable. Examples include state-issued driver’s license, state-issued ID card, passport, and alien ID card. There are also a variety of forms issued by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services. For example, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security may provide certain records to refugees or asylees, who may also possess identification documents through the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services. These, and other forms of identification may be acceptable for CIP purposes if bank’s policy permits.